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2019 International Association for Conflict Management Conference

IACM 2019 Abstract Book »

The Changing Nature of International Mediation 2001 - 2021

As warfare mutates from intra-state to infra-state, it was Clausewitz himself who created his own paradigmatic exit: War is a chameleon. From liberation movements who fought for a new socio-political agenda to fragmented rebel formations and individuals who fight for self-interests and preservation, mediators have still to adapt to the new realities. The real actors are invisible or fluid in shape and structure, and interventions tend to be mired by a lack of appropriate response mechanisms. The brewing sandstorms of new wars over a new world power dispensation without end will pose a tremendous challenge for mediators in years to come. This paper will contribute to the strengthening of mediation theory by arguing that international mediators need to not only operate with state-level instruments but also with local level cultural dialogue capacities (including early warning and early responses) and create safe spaces through integrated and complementarity approaches to interventions.

Jose Pascal da Rocha  |
Columbia University School of Professional Studies
United States


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