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IACM 2022

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The Look of a Good Pitcher: Role Prototypicality Contributes to Wage Discrimination

The current work examines the effect of role prototypes on one of the most critical social and organizational challenges: income inequality. We suggest racial minority members who occupy a less prototypical role would face more wage discrimination compared to racial minority members who occupy a more prototypical role. We analyzed the salaries of Major League Baseball (MLB) players from 1988 to 2019 and found that minority players are at disadvantage in salaries when they occupy a less prototypical role (i.e., pitcher), compared to other more prototypical roles. This effect was further moderated by status and centrality of the role. The findings demonstrate how role prototypicality not only affects perception or evaluation of minority members but also influences how much money they make.

Julia Hur
New York University
United States

Xu Han
New York University


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