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2019 International Association for Conflict Management Conference

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Understanding Cooperation in a Populist Landscape

We examine the impact of populism – increasing identification with an ethnic majority and declining support of government policies – on universal and parochial cooperation. 192 participants, from the ethnic majority in the UK, were assigned to a pro- or anti-Brexit group based on actual preference, and allocated ten tokens across four options in an intergroup cooperation game (Aaldering et al., 2018): to benefit both pro-and anti-Brexit groups (universal cooperation), to benefit their group but not harm the outgroup (weak parochial), to benefit their group and harm the outgroup (strong parochial), to benefit only themselves (selfish). We find cosmopolitanism and government support (positively) and ethnic majority identification (negatively) to predict universal cooperation, while cosmopolitanism (negatively) and ethnic majority identification (positively) predict strong parochial cooperation. Thus, more nationalistic people are not only unwilling to join forces with out-groups, but are even willing to harm them.

Jimena Gonzalez-Ramirez
Manhattan College
United States

Hillie Aaldering
University of Amsterdam
Netherlands

Poonam Arora
Manhattan College
United States

 


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